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The International Women’s Day is approaching and a lot of politicians are speaking about women empowerment and leadership. I decided thus to create a list of female leaders in the world. The results show that in 2015 women’s presence among political leaders is still an exception, not a rule.
I prepared two list: one with Heads of State (Presidents or Queens, vested with powers to represent the country) and Heads of Government (commonly, highest chiefs of the executive branch). The two list combined, we find only 22 female leaders. It represents only 6,9% of the total number of political leaders in the world (315). The only country in the world with both female head of State and head of government is Denmark.
1) Heads of State
There are 178 Heads of State in the World and only 13 of them are women. They represent only 7,3% of the total number.
Almost half of them (7) are in Europe and a quarter (3) in South America. Among them, 11 are Presidents and 2 are Queens.
|Central African Republic – Catherine Samba-Panza (President since 2014)|
|Liberia – Ellen Johnson Sirleaf (President since 2006 and the world’s first elected black female president and Africa’s first elected female head of state)|
|South Korea – Park Geun-hye (President since 2013 and the first female Head of State in Northeastern Asia)|
|Croatia – Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović (President since 2015)|
|Denmark – Queen Margrethe II (Queen since 1972)|
|Kosovo – Atifete Jahjaga (President since 2011, the first female Head of State in the Balkans and the youngest one)|
|Lithuania – Dalia Grybauskaitė (President 2009 and the first Lithuanian president elected for the second term)|
|Malta – Marie-Louise Coleiro Preca (President since 2014)|
|Switzerland – Simonetta Sommaruga (President since 2015)|
|United Kingdom – Queen Elizabeth II (Queen since 1952)|
|Argentina – Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner (President since 2007 and the first elected female president of Argentina)|
|Brazil – Dilma Roussef (President since 2011 and the first female president of Brazil)|
|Chile – Michelle Bachelet (President from 2006 to 2010 and since 2014; the first popularly elected female president of South America)|
2) Heads of Government
Among 137 Heads of Government only 9 of them are women. It represents 6,5%. Once again, Europe is the continent with the highest number of female leaders.