In the end of 2019 we can count 25 women among the world’s leaders. This number indicates a slight increase, however women are still severely underrepresented.
In 2019, only two countries combine female heads of state and government: Denmark and New Zealand.
Heads of State
In 2019, 12 women in the word held the position of head of state. This represents 6,7% of the total number of the highest representatives in the countries recognized by the
UN. This number marks a slight increase in comparison with 2018 when there were 10 women holding this office.
Etiopia – Sahle-Work Zewde, president of the country since 2018 and the first woman to hold the office.
Asia Nepal – , president of Nepal since 2015 and the first woman to hold the office, former Minister of Defense. Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Australia/Oceania The Marshall Islands – , president since 2016 and the first woman to hold the office; previously she served as the Minister of Education and the first person in the Marshall Islands to earn a doctorate degree. Hilda Heine
Europe Croatia – , president since 2015, former Croatian Ambassador to the UN and former Minister of Foreign and European Affairs. Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
Danemark – Margrethe II , Queen since 1972.
Estonia – , president since 2016, the first woman to hold the office and the youngest president of Estonia. Kersti Kaljulaid
Georgia – Salome Zourabichvili, president since 2018, the first woman to hold the office. As a French-Georgian binational, she worked until 2004 as a French diplomat and in 2004 she became the Foreign Minister of Georgia.
San Marino – Mariella Mularoni, capitan-regent since 2019.
Slovakia – Zuzana Čaputová, president since 2019, the youngest person and the first woman to hold the office.
United Kingdom– , queen of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms since 1952, the longest currently reigning monarch and head of state. Queen Elizabeth II
South America Bolivia – Jeanine Añez, interim president since 2019.
Trinidad and Tobago – Paula-Mae Weekes, president since 2018 and the first woman to hold the office.
Heads of governments
In 2019, 13 women hold the position of the head of government (9,49% of the total number of heads of governments in the world), which also represents a slight increase in comparison with
2018. Once again, Europe is the continent with the highest number of women with the highest executive position in the country.
Africa Namibia – Saara Kuugongelwa, prime minister since 2015, former Minister of Finance.
Asia Bangladesh – Sheikh Hasina Wajed, prime minister since 2009 (third term).
Myanmar – , State counsellor since 2016 (the position corresponding to that of the prime minister), recipient of the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize. Aung San Suu Kyi
Australia/Oceania New Zealand – , prime minister since 2017 and the leader of the Labour Party. Jacinda Ardern
Europe Austria – Brigitte Bierlein, Chancellor since 2019 and first woman to hold the office. Previously, she was the President of the Constitutional Court (as first woman holding this position).
Belgium – Sophie Wilmès, prime minister since 2019 and first woman to hold the office.
Denmark – Mette Frederiksen, prime minister since 2019, second woman to hold the office and the youngest prime minister in Danish history.
Finland – Sanna Marin, prime minister since 2019, and former Minister of Transport and Communications. She is the youngest currently serving head of government and the Finland’s youngest-ever to hold the office.
Germany – Angela Merkel, Chancellor since 2005 and leader of Christian Democratic Union, former minister for the Environment and for Women and Youth.
Iceland – , prime minister since 2017 and former minister of Education, Science and Culture and of Nordic Co-operation. Katrín Jakobsdóttir
Norway – , prime minister since 2013 and leader of the Conservative Party, former Minister of Local Government and Regional. Erna Solberg
Serbia – Ana Brnabic, prime minister since 2017, former Minister of Public Administration and Local Self-Government of Serbia, first woman and first openly gay person to hold the office.
North America Barbados – Mia Mottley, prime minister since 2018 and the first woman to hold the office. From 1994 to 2008, she held a succession of ministerial portfolios including the post of Attorney-General of Barbados becoming the first woman to be appointed as such.