2019, women and political empowerment – female heads of state and heads of government

In the end of 2019 we can count 25 women among the world’s leaders. This number indicates a slight increase, however women are still severely underrepresented.  

In 2019, only two countries combine female heads of state and government: Denmark and New Zealand.

 

Heads of State

In 2019, 12 women in the word held the position of head of state. This represents 6,7% of the total number of the highest representatives in the countries recognized by the UN. This number marks a slight increase in comparison with 2018 when there were 10 women holding this office.

 

Africa

Sahle-Work Zewde.jpg
Etiopia – Sahle-Work Zewde, president of the country since 2018 and the first woman to hold the office.

 

Asia

bidhya-devi-bhandari
Nepal – Bidhya Devi Bhandari, president of Nepal since 2015 and the first woman to hold the office, former Minister of Defense.

 

Australia/Oceania

Znalezione obrazy dla zapytania hilda heine
The Marshall Islands – Hilda Heine, president since 2016 and the first woman to hold the office; previously she served as the Minister of Education and the first person in the Marshall Islands to earn a doctorate degree.

 

Europe

Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović
Croatia – Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, president since 2015, former Croatian Ambassador to the UN and former Minister of Foreign and European Affairs.

 

Queen Margarethe II
Danemark – Margrethe II, Queen since 1972.

 

Kersti Kaljulaid
Estonia – Kersti Kaljulaid, president since 2016, the first woman to hold the office and the youngest president of Estonia.

 

Salome Zourabichvili
GeorgiaSalome Zourabichvili, president since 2018, the first woman to hold the office. As a French-Georgian binational, she worked until 2004 as a French diplomat and in 2004 she became the Foreign Minister of Georgia.

 

Mariella Muraloni
San MarinoMariella Mularoni, capitan-regent since 2019.

 

Slovakia - Zuzana Čaputová
SlovakiaZuzana Čaputová, president since 2019, the youngest person and the first woman to hold the office.

 

Queen Elizabeth II
United Kingdom– Queen Elizabeth II, queen of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth realms since 1952, the longest currently reigning monarch and head of state.

 

South America

Jeanine Añez
BoliviaJeanine Añez, interim president since 2019.

 

Paula-Mae Weekes
Trinidad and TobagoPaula-Mae Weekes, president since 2018 and the first woman to hold the office.

 

 

Heads of governments

In 2019, 13 women hold the position of the head of government (9,49% of the total number of heads of governments in the world), which also represents a slight increase in comparison with 2018. Once again, Europe is the continent with the highest number of women with the highest executive position in the country. 

 

Africa

Saara Kuugongelwa
Namibia – Saara Kuugongelwa, prime minister since 2015, former Minister of Finance.

 

Asia

Sheikh Hasina Wajed
Bangladesh – Sheikh Hasina Wajed, prime minister since 2009 (third term).

 

Aung San Suu Kyi
Myanmar – Aung San Suu Kyi, State counsellor since 2016 (the position corresponding to that of the prime minister), recipient of the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize.

 

Australia/Oceania

Jacinda Ardern.jpg
New Zealand – Jacinda Ardern, prime minister since 2017 and the leader of the Labour Party.

 

Europe

Brigitte Bierlein
AustriaBrigitte Bierlein, Chancellor since 2019 and first woman to hold the office. Previously, she was the President of the Constitutional Court (as first woman holding this position). 

 

Sophie Wilmès.jpg
BelgiumSophie Wilmès, prime minister since 2019 and first woman to hold the office.

 

Mette Frederiksen.jpg
DenmarkMette Frederiksen, prime minister since 2019, second woman to hold the office and the youngest prime minister in Danish history.

 

Sanna Marin.png
FinlandSanna Marin, prime minister since 2019, and former Minister of Transport and Communications. She is the youngest currently serving head of government and the Finland’s youngest-ever to hold the office. 

 

Angela Merkel
Germany – Angela MerkelChancellor since 2005 and leader of Christian Democratic Union, former minister for the Environment and for Women and Youth.

 

Katrin Jakobsdottir.jpg
Iceland – Katrín Jakobsdóttir, prime minister since 2017 and former minister of Education, Science and Culture and of Nordic Co-operation.

 

Erna Solberg
Norway – Erna Solberg, prime minister since 2013 and leader of the Conservative Party, former Minister of Local Government and Regional.

 

Ana Brnabic.jpg
Serbia – Ana Brnabic, prime minister since 2017, former Minister of Public Administration and Local Self-Government of Serbia, first woman and first openly gay person to hold the office.

 

North America

Mia Mottley
BarbadosMia Mottley, prime minister since 2018 and the first woman to hold the office. From 1994 to 2008, she held a succession of ministerial portfolios including the post of Attorney-General of Barbados becoming the first woman to be appointed as such.

 

 

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